The most common reasons for women to consult a doctor are breast complaints:
a) Pain in the breast (Mastalgia)
b) Mass in the breast
c) Nipple discharge
BREAST PAIN (MASTALGIA)
The most common breast-related complaint women face is breast pain. Most women experience breast pain at some point in their lives. Many women fear that pain and tenderness are early signs of breast cancer. However, pain is usually not one of the early signs of breast cancer, especially when there is no mass, discharge, enlargement or thickening of the breast. Often, no definitive underlying cause can be found.
However, if pain is felt in one area of the breast, it may be appropriate to check that area and the breast with ultrasound. Because this type of pain may be due to an underlying benign disease such as fibrocystic breast changes or a single breast cyst or fibroadenoma.
Breast pain usually occurs in 2 ways:
CYCLIC BREAST PAINS (CYCLIC MASTALJI)
Most breast pains are cyclical. Cyclic mastalgia affects women of reproductive age. This pain occurs towards the end of the menstrual cycle, about a week before menstruation. The breasts are usually painful, tender and swollen during this period, but towards the end of the cycle the symptoms will improve. The pain is usually felt in the outer and upper parts of both breasts, but can also affect the armpit area.
NON-CIRCULAR BREAST PAINS (NONCYCLIC MASTALJI)
This type of pain has nothing to do with the menstrual cycle. Often there is a sharp, burning, or painful sensation in one area (or areas) of the breast rather than widespread pain and tenderness in the breast. This type of mastalgia is more common after menopause. The pain may be constant or may increase or decrease in attacks. A common cause is costochondritis (inflammation of the junction of the bone and cartilage part of the rib cage).
SUGGESTIONS THAT MAY BE USEFUL FOR BREAST PAIN:
* Consumption of products containing caffeine such as tea, coffee, cola drinks should be reduced.
* Very fatty foods should be avoided. Dietary fat should be less than 15 percent of total calories ingested (may require help from a nutritionist).
* A comfortable and supportive sports bra should be preferred, which is suitable for the breast size and will prevent breast movement.
* Hot or cold compresses may be helpful during painful periods.
* Use a multivitamin containing vitamin E.
* Evening primrose oil can be tried.
It would be right to consult a Breast Surgeon to determine the possible cause, exclude rare causes, create a treatment strategy, and have your breast checked.