Unable to lose weight despite all efforts is a common problem for most people. Liposuction has been developed for the treatment of resorption-resistant and abnormally located fat deposits despite all regimens and exercises. In the following times, the application area has expanded and it has been used for slimming and correction of body contours, provided that certain rules are not exceeded.
Breast tissue is a specialized gland that is extremely sensitive to hormonal stimuli (most importantly estrogen), whose function and dimensions are determined by hormonal stimuli. Abnormal breast growth at different stages of life in men and women causes different problems.
Abnormal breast growth is a more common and important problem in women.
Breast tissue in the development process is exposed to serious hormonal stimulation in 2 periods; puberty and pregnancy.
Abnormal breast growth is rare after puberty, except for genetic features or external effects (hormonal treatments, other agents that increase hormone levels). An exception to this is the breast tissue, which causes an increase in breast volume by covering the entire breast tissue and renders the breast dysfunctional in terms of milk secretion.
It is ‘fibrocystic disease of the breast’.
Fibrocystic disease is the most common benign breast disease in the female breast.
One of the tissues most affected by the serious hormonal changes in the female body during pregnancy is the breast. As a result of this interaction, permanent overgrowth (hypertrophy) of the breast tissue occurs and a condition that affects the health of the person occurs (macromastia). Sometimes breast tissue is not affected during pregnancy. However, following a prolonged breastfeeding period, the breast tissue loses all its volume (atrophy) and creates an aesthetically unpleasant appearance (involution).
Permanent breast size in women will cause different problems at different stages of life. Macromastia mostly causes shoulder and back pain, under-chest skin problems (skin rashes, dermatitis, etc.) and poor aesthetic appearance in women in the young adult age group. The problems caused by macromastia in menopause and later periods are much more serious. The bone resorption process (osteoporosis) in this period causes the bones that carry the weight of the body to become more resistant.
As a result, the load that the breast creates on the spine; It causes curvatures in the spine, neck and waist hernias, especially compression of the nerves extending to and controlling the arms, weakness and severe pain in the arms, severe headaches, and finally, although it seems unrelated, it causes an increase in the person’s susceptibility to depressive disorder.
It is extremely possible for these complaints to completely immobilize the person in the old age phase.
Abnormal breast size (macromastia) can be treated at every stage of life with surgical breast reduction (reduction mammoplasty). Surgical methods used today; In women in the young – adult age group, it allows the breasts to be aesthetically reduced and the breasts not to lose their milk-secreting function with a straight line trace extending from the nipple to the bottom. In older women, if the breast size has increased further, the scars that will form after surgery will be in the form of an inverted T letter extending down from the nipple and along the inframammary groove. The aim of breast reduction surgery in this age group is to provide breast sizes that will not affect the health of the person, apart from creating a breast with an aesthetic appearance. Reduction (reduction) surgery is an operation of approximately 3 hours and is performed under general anesthesia.
Risk factors for this surgery; Uncontrolled diabetes, heart diseases, continuous use of blood thinners, presence of malignant tumoral diseases in the breast can be counted as severe smoking addiction. After the operation, patients are discharged within 48 hours and can easily return to home life within 5-7 days and to work life within 10-14 days. However, it is recommended that patients use shaper special bras for 6 weeks.
Permanent breast enlargement (gynecomastia) in men occurs most frequently in the young-adult period following puberty. With hormonal stimuli in adolescence, breast enlargement occurs frequently in boys, but most of them end with puberty. The condition in which the abnormal size continues after puberty is called gynecomastia. Although gynecomastia slightly increases the risk of breast cancer, which is very rare in men, the main problem is visual. Today, gynecomastia treatment is performed very easily with the liposuction method, and patients can return to their daily home and work lives by being discharged on the same day. After this operation, there is no scar on the patient’s body. It is sufficient for the patients to use a special bandage for 4-6 weeks after the procedure.