Breast Cancer Risk Factors

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and unfortunately, it ranks first in cancer-related deaths in women. We are compelled to share this depressing information to illuminate and raise awareness.

The lifetime risk of developing breast cancer in women is 13%.

We must take the necessary precautions against such a common and potentially fatal disease, EARLY DIAGNOSIS SAVES LIVES.

The measures we can take can be grouped under two headings.

  1. Reducing the risks that can cause cancer

  2. Getting a mammogram and doctor’s exam to screen for breast cancer

We can examine breast cancer risk factors in two groups.

Having breast cancer risk factors does not necessarily mean you will get cancer. It is important to identify risk factors. We can change some of these factors, thereby reducing our risk. We can also get medical counseling for risk factors that we cannot change.

Modifiable risk factors:We can be effective on this factor by taking precautions.

  • Sedentary life It is a risk factor, and the risk of breast cancer is higher in those who do not do sports or exercise. 10,000 steps 3-5 times a week reduces the risk. It is important not only for breast cancer but also for other cancers.

  • Overweight and obesity is an important risk factor. Estrogen hormone is produced in the cells in the adipose tissue, especially after menopause, so excess weight, especially around the waist, means excess estrogen, which causes an increased risk of breast cancer.

  • The risk is increased in those who have a history of pregnancy, have never given birth, and those who have had their first birth after the age of 30. When breast tissue is formed in adolescence, it consists of cells that have not completed their highly active development, these cells are more sensitive to hormones, chemicals that cause hormone irregularities, and external factors. With birth, milk secretion begins and breast tissue cells complete their development and become mature cells.

  • Breast cancer risk is reduced in women who have breastfed for at least one year.

  • Early menstruation – late menopause. Menstruating before the age of 12 and menopause after the age of 55 increase the risk.

  • Hormone replacement therapy is a treatment that is started after menopause, using a combination of estrogen and progesterone or only estrogen. Combined drugs increase the current risk by 75%. These synthetic hormones are very different from the hormones secreted in our body. There are different opinions about treatments with bioidentical (equivalent to hormones in our body) hormones.

  • The risk increases in women who use alcohol, and the current risk increases by 15% in those who drink 3-4 alcoholic drinks per week.

  • Smoking increases the risk of breast cancer and may delay healing in the treatment process.

  • Vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D has an effect on the immune system, as well as on the mechanism that controls the proliferation of normal breast cells.

  • Unhealthy eating. Malnutrition has a partially negative effect on 30-40% of all cancers. There is no food that prevents breast cancer, but the immune system can be improved with good nutrition. It is necessary to stay away from processed foods, fabricated meats with hormones, milk with hormones, foods with additives, chemicals and hormones in such unhealthy foods increase the body’s toxin load and these toxins can have an epigenetic effect.

  • Stress is a factor that increases the risk for all cancers.

Non-modifiable risk factors:For these risk factors, it is necessary to get medical advice from the relevant physicians.

  • Be woman is a risk factor in itself. Breast cancer is 100 times more common in women than men.

  • Get old: The risk of breast cancer increases with age. This increase starts at the age of 40 and peaks after the age of 50.

  • Having breast cancer in close relatives: Having breast cancer in first-degree relatives (parents, siblings, children) increases the risk of the person. Having 2 or more second-degree relatives with breast or ovarian cancer also increases the risk.

  • Inherited genetic mutation: Up to 15% of breast cancers are due to inherited gene disorders. Genes are pieces of DNA on chromosomes, sometimes gene defects (genetic mutations) passed from mother or father to their children lead to the development of cancer. The most well-known genetic mutations are BRCA mutations.

  • Those who have had breast cancer before have a 4-fold increased risk of developing breast cancer again.

  • Radiation:The risk of breast cancer is increased in those who have received radiotherapy to the breast or chest area for a disease.

  • Presence of previously detected risky tissues in the breast:The detection of some tissues (such as atypical ductal hyperplasia, lobular carcinoma in situ) in previous biopsies increases the risk of breast cancer, even if these tissues are removed.

  • Race and ethnic groups:Breast cancer is more common in the white race, but more severe in the black race.

  • Dense breast structureBreast cancer is more common in those with

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