Breast Cancer

Preventing Breast Cancerfor;

You can reduce your cancer risk and protect yourself from cancer.
For this, it is necessary to focus on modifiable risk factors.

For example:

most common in women Breast Cancerto reduce the risk;

healthy and balanced diet,
regular exercise,
prevent obesity,
It is necessary to stay away from harmful things such as smoking and alcohol.

like genetics other factors that cannot be changedin addition due to
Regular Health scans
Routine mammographycontrols and Breast Ultrasound, when necessary MRIexamination should be made.

What is Mammography?

Mammography, which is the basic method used in breast cancer screening, is a special low-dose X-ray that gives high soft tissue details.

Early diagnosis in breast cancer

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in the world (Globocan 2020). For early diagnosis, it is recommended that women should do their own breast examination every month from the age of 20, and have a doctor’s examination every 2 years from the age of 20. In addition, between the ages of 40 and 69, it is recommended to have a doctor’s examination every year and a mammography screening every 2 years.

In women with a family or genetically high risk of breast cancer, annual ultrasound checks are recommended in addition to breast examinations from the age of 20, mammography for one year alternately from the age of 30, and an annual check-up with breast magnetic resonance imaging (MR) examination for one year.

It is stated that deaths due to breast cancer have decreased significantly in countries where breast cancer screenings and mammography are performed regularly.

Mammograms should always be compared with previous mammograms and evaluated by a radiologist experienced in breast Radiology. Magnetic Resonance imaging (MRI) can be used for further examination. Biopsy is used for further examination and definitive diagnosis.

What is Breast Ultrasound? How and for whom?

Breast ultrasound is a method that allows imaging the breast tissue using sound waves. During the examination, the patient lies on his back or at a slight angle, the head of the device is applied with gel and the images obtained by moving it over the skin are evaluated by the Radiologist. If there is a previous or recent mammogram, it should be brought together for evaluation.

Breast ultrasound is sometimes used to evaluate abnormal findings on a mammogram or doctor’s exam.

Breast ultrasound also plays a complementary role in mammography by providing imaging of surrounding tissues and other lymph nodes in the armpit and around the breast that cannot be included in the examination area in mammography.

Breast ultrasound is used as an adjunct in unexplained cases resulting from mammography and breast MRI.

In the diagnosis of breast disorders during pregnancy or breastfeeding.

In cases of infection, tenderness, pain or redness in the breast. Evaluation of benign masses and breast prostheses.

Breast ultrasound is a method that can be applied and repeated at any age and in the examination of other diseases in the breast, apart from breast cancer screening.

It is used in the diagnosis of breast diseases seen in men.

Protect your health Stay healthy.

resources

  1. American Cancer Society. Breast Cancer Facts & Figures 2019-2020.

  2. American Cancer Society. Cancer Prevention & Early Detection Facts & Figures 2021-2022.

  3. National Cancer Institute. Breast Cancer Prevention (PDQ®)–Patient Version Dec. 10 2021.

  4. Global Cancer statistics. Globocan 2020.

  5. Turkish Ministry of Health Breast Cancer Screening Program National Standards.

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