Birth Stages

Birth is a natural process. In this article, you can find information about the 3 stages of birth and the expectations in them.

Every woman’s birth is unique. In some cases the birth takes hours, in others it is shorter. If all goes well, the birth stages are examined in 3 parts.

one. Stage: In the first stage of labor, the opening and thinning of the cervix allows the baby to progress into the birth canal. This is the longest of the 3 stages of birth. It consists of 2 parts in itself.
Silent Period : In this process, your cervix begins to dilate and mild to strong contractions may be experienced. These contractions can last between 30 and 60 seconds and may come every 5 to 20 minutes. As the cervix opens, a dense, fibrous, bloody discharge may come from the vagina.
How much will it take : You have to be patient. Premature birth is an unpredictable process. It can take hours or days, especially for first-time births. It may take less time for mothers who did not have a first birth.
What can you do : It’s up to you until the frequency and intensity of the contractions increase. For most women, the quiet period is not very uncomfortable. You may want to do housework, go for a walk or watch a movie, and continue with your daily activities. It also helps you:
– Take a shower or bath
– Listening to soothing, calming music
– Getting a gentle massage
– Slow and deep breathing
– change position
– Drinking water and juice
– Eating light and healthy foods
Active Period : Now the main part of the work has begun. During the active period, the cervix opens up to 10 centimeters. Contractions are stronger and last longer. Towards the end of the active period, you feel as if the contractions will never end. You will also have a feeling of increased pressure in your back. As the moment of birth approaches and the pain intensifies, your initial excitement decreases. If you need medication or anesthesia for your pain, don’t feel like giving up.
How much will it take : On average, the active period lasts up to 8 hours. For some women, this period may take a few more hours. For some women who have given birth before, this period is shorter.
What can you do: See your doctor for encouragement and support. Practice breathing and relaxation techniques for your growing discomfort. It also helps you:
– change position
– Swinging in a rocking chair
– Take a warm shower or bath
– resting a cold, damp cloth on your forehead
– Going for a walk and resting as soon as a contraction occurs
– Massage between contractions
If you feel a straining, hold it until your doctor says you are fully prepared and can start straining. Rapid breathing and blowing are beneficial. Starting to strain early can cause tearing or swelling of the cervix, which can delay labor or create other problems.
2. Stage : Birth of Your Baby
How much will it take : It takes from a few minutes to several hours. This process may be longer for those who give birth for the first time and those who have epidural anesthesia.
What can you do : You can push. You are encouraged to push with each contraction to speed up the process. Or let it run its course; You can wait until the feeling of straining arises. Many women prefer to strain while lying on their delivery bed. For others, squatting or sitting is more comfortable. Try different positions until you find the one that suits you best.
At some moments, you may be asked not to push or to push more gently. Slowing down causes the vaginal tissues to stretch rather than tear. Seeing the baby’s head come out from between your legs or with the help of a mirror increases your motivation. After the baby’s head is removed, the airway is cleaned to make sure that the umbilical cord is free. The rest of the baby’s body continues to emerge more slowly.
3. Stage : Arrival of the Placenta You will feel great relief after your baby is born. You can hold your baby in your arms or on your tummy. Enjoy the moment, but know that the birth is not over yet. In the third stage of labor, your doctor must remove the placenta and make sure your bleeding is under control.
How much will it take : The placenta is removed within 5 or 10 minutes. In some cases it can take up to 30 minutes.
What can you do : relax. So far, your attention has already been focused on your baby. You become indifferent to what is happening around you. You may even want to breastfeed your baby.
You will continue to experience mild contractions. Your doctor may massage your lower abdomen to tighten your uterus and remove the placenta. You may be asked to push one last time to remove the placenta, which will often come with some blood. Your doctor will examine the placenta to make sure it is undamaged and complete. Any remaining part of the uterus must be removed so that there is no bleeding or infection. Your doctor will see if you need stitches or anything else. If you need stitches, local anesthesia will be given if the required area is not yet numb.

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