Postpartum thyroid disorders may also cause these problems, which are caused by the sudden decrease in estrogen and progesterone levels that increase during pregnancy. However, folate deficiency can also be counted among the causes of depression.
In addition to biological causes, psychosocial causes may also invite postpartum depression. Mothers who think that their lives are controlled by others rather than themselves are in the high-risk group. The end of pregnancy is felt as a loss of intimacy with the fetus and is a reminder of the loss of a loved one.
Past mental problems (depression, anxiety, anxieties), marital problems, family history of mental illness, being unmarried, unwanted pregnancy, being unprepared for the role of mother, being the first pregnancy, fears of childbirth, and lack of social support are very effective in the development of postpartum depression.
Symptoms of Postpartum Depression
- severe sadness or feelings of emptiness; emotional bluntness or insensitivity
- Physical complaints such as extreme fatigue, lack of energy
- Avoiding family, friends, or enjoyable activities
- Worries about not loving their baby enough or about the baby’s feeding, sleep, fear of harming the baby
- difficulty concentrating
- memory weakness
- Increased psychomotor activity, restlessness
- Anxiety, irritability, distress, anxiety, spontaneous crying, and panic attacks
- Loss of appetite, weight loss, insomnia
- Thoughts about not wanting to take care of the baby and wanting to kill the baby
- Feelings of guilt, loss of interest and desire for having depressed feelings when they should be happy.
Which Age Groups Are At Risk?
This risk is 30 percent higher in women who become pregnant soon after puberty. For women who have experienced depression in the past, this risk is 25 percent. Women who experienced postpartum depression in a previous pregnancy and now have signs of sadness are in the 85 percent risk group.
Although the exact cause of postpartum depression is not known, treatment is available. Resting when the sadness manifests itself, sleeping when the baby is asleep, getting help from family members or friends, taking a regular shower and dressing every day, and walking can help this situation.
In the event of more severe depressive states, medical evaluation is very important. Antidepressant or antipsychotic medication can be administered to eliminate these conditions.
Social support can be obtained in this regard. The 40 days after birth are important. This is the mother’s recovery, eating and sleeping period. During this time, it is very important for the mother to be supported by the loved ones around her.