Imagine walking into a special education classroom. You are taking a course on pervasive developmental disorders in children, and as a requirement, you go to these classes for practical training from time to time. When you enter the classroom, some of the children in the room stand up and you start to observe the children. You see the physical differences between them, the characteristic feature of Down Syndrome catches your eye, a child who makes spastic movements, which is a symptom of cerebral palsy, catches your eye, another child calls you to his seat, tells you something with hand signals. Here’s what you expect from children.
Another boy catches your eye on the other side. This boy is standing in front of a painting. When you go near him, you notice his repetitive hand movements and his foggy gaze. When you want to talk to him about the painting, you see that he doesn’t notice your presence, continues to smile, sway, and continue his hand gestures with pleasure. When the teacher enters the classroom, you ask the child in the front of the table. And the teacher says he is autistic.
Autism is a situation in which the individual moves away from the realities of the outer world and creates a unique inner world. He seems indifferent to what is going on around him. When they enter a crowded environment, it is as if they have entered an empty room. They do not establish relations with those there, do not make eye contact, give the impression that they do not perceive people.
Defects in gestures used to interact with society, taking body position, facial expression, eye contact, inability to develop appropriate communication with their peers, inability to respond socially or emotionally, delay or no development in language development, use of repetitive language, limited attention pattern, repetitive, stereotypical, ritualistic motor movements.
INITIATIVE AND EXPANDATION:
It starts before 30 months. Its incidence in the general population is 4-5 per 10000. It is 3 times more likely to occur in boys than girls. Fragile X syndrome is seen in 16%.
REASONS FOR Occurrence:
Although the opinion that autism is caused by a disorder in the mother-child relationship in infancy for many years has been dominant, studies conducted in recent years do not confirm this information. Although there is no definite information about the biological aspect of autism, there are many reasons that show that there is a biological aspect of autism. Despite all these intense studies, autism still remains a mystery.
TREATMENT OF AUTISM:
In recent years, there have been important developments in the treatment of autism with the effect of developing and changing views. The most effective method in treatment is based on modeling and operant conditioning processes. Along with the special education centers that have become widespread in recent years, it helps autistic children to exist in social relations in a meaningful way with a behavioral approach. Although there is no drug that directly affects autism, drugs that reduce children’s serotonin levels are promising.