Upper respiratory tract infection, upper respiratory tract infectious diseases in general

It is a defining concept. The arrival of autumn and winter, the cooling of the weather and the

With the opening of the upper respiratory tract infections become an important health problem.

On average, 70% of children admitted to the hospital have URTIs.

There are 2 important reasons for this;

— Cold weather and sudden temperature changes weaken the immune system

— Contagion is increased in this season.

More time is spent indoors in cold weather and with the concern of thermal insulation.

ventilation is insufficient. cold, flu, pharyngitis (throat infection), laryngitis (larynx)

infection), tonsillitis (tonsil infection), sinusitis, middle ear infection upper respiratory tract

among the infections.


It is the most common upper respiratory tract infection.

Viruses are causative.

It progresses with nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, cough, weakness, mild fever.

In treatment, rest and plenty of fluids, painkillers, nasal sprays and nasal discharge should be stopped.

Drugs that reduce complaints are used.

There is no need to use antibiotics. Complaints pass on average in 5 days.


Complaints are like flu, but more severe.

It is an infection with viruses.

Muscle aches, joint pains and fatigue are prominent. Severe cough may accompany high fever.

Those with chronic diseases (heart disease, diabetes, diseases that impair the immune system) are more

It can be slow and progress quickly.

Treatment requires rest, plenty of fluid intake and supportive treatment.


It is the most common cause of sore throat. It is a throat infection usually caused by viruses.

It causes complaints such as dryness in the throat, burning, cough, fever and weakness.

Painkillers, throat spray or mouthwashes are given in the treatment and antibiotics are given when necessary.


It is an infection of the larynx, in addition to complaints similar to pharyngitis, hoarseness and throat

foreign body sensation.


It is an infection of the tonsils.

It occurs with complaints such as high fever, weakness, sore throat, difficulty in swallowing, swelling in the neck glands.


Antibiotics and pain relievers are used in its treatment.

Although rare, heart and joint rheumatism may develop after tonsil infection.

One of the main goals is to prevent such diseases.


It is an inflammation of the cavities called sinuses in the bones located around the nose.

Such as nasal congestion, dark nasal discharge, post-nasal drip, fever, headache, bad breath, cough

causes complaints.

Antibiotics, painkillers and auxiliary treatments to open the nose are applied. If there is in the nose

Treating structural disorders and allergies is also helpful in preventing relapses.


It usually develops after another upper respiratory tract infection that causes nasal congestion.

Complaints such as ear pain, fever, hearing loss, and ear fullness are observed.

Antibiotics are often used in its treatment. Perforation of the eardrum after otitis media and

Fluid accumulation may develop in the middle ear, so healing should be followed under the supervision of a doctor.

While upper respiratory viral infections are rare in infants, they average annually in young children.

6-7 cold-flu infections occur. Incidence in adults, approximately 2-3 infections per year

is in the form. The frequency is similar in the elderly, but the probability of complications is high.


Particular care is required during winter and transition periods. However, these absolute

protection is not possible.

The measures that can be taken to reduce the frequency of upper respiratory tract infections are as follows:

can be summarized:

-Eating a regular, balanced and natural diet, especially taking foods rich in vitamin C

-Regular fluid intake

– To ensure regular sleep, regular life.

-Exercise regularly at a moderate pace.

– Avoiding sudden hot-cold weather changes.

– To ventilate closed environments regularly.

Avoiding close contact with people with cold and flu without injuring social relations.

– Wearing appropriate clothes by following the weather conditions

– Sick people should cover the mouth and nose area with a tissue while coughing and sneezing.

– Masks of sick people who work and work in risky places (hospital, kindergarten, nursing home, barracks, school, etc.)

to use

– Sick people should be kept in crowded environments as much as possible to prevent contamination.

should not exist.

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