attention deficit in children

With the opening of schools after the long summer vacation, the school bustle of children and parents started. While the excitement of the new term and the preparations for the lessons continue, there is also the process of adaptation to the school. Lessons and assignments that begin to concentrate affect the adaptation and motivation of children. Lack of attention can often be found under the difficulty of adapting to school and the inability to adapt to classes and classes. It is known that attention deficit and hyperactivity, which are frequently seen in children, affect academic achievement the most. Difficulties in listening and participating in the lesson, unwillingness to do homework, and difficulty in maintaining attention are the most common symptoms.

Children with attention disorders cannot focus for a long time, they experience forgetfulness and disorganization, and they may fail at school due to reasons such as disorganization. These children are easily distracted, have problems in studying, make careless mistakes, and fail due to reasons such as not being organized. They often do not seem to listen to you, have difficulty maintaining their assigned tasks and activities, avoid, dislike, or are reluctant to take part in tasks that require mental exertion. They often lose school assignments, pens, books or equipment, cannot complete homework and writing, are easily distracted by external stimuli, and are often forgetful in daily activities. Behaviors such as moving from one unfinished job to another, excessive activity, difficulty in waiting for one’s turn, fidgeting of hands and feet, the desire to get up in places where one should sit, running around or being constantly on the go are also seen as symptoms of attention deficit and hyperactivity.

In order to understand whether a child has attention deficit, it is necessary to conduct a comprehensive research. There is no special test used to determine this, but intelligence tests are frequently used to give clues. In addition, the child’s behavior in the classroom, class participation and harmony in the classroom, academic success at school, friendships, home and work environment, and parental attitudes should also be examined.

Attention deficit is considered a long-term condition and there is no treatment that completely eliminates it. The most effective method, in addition to drug therapy, is family skills training, behavioral training in children, and classroom interventions. The cooperation of the school, family and specialist is also of great importance in the treatment. Informing the teacher about this situation and being open to changes, support and cooperation in the classroom is one of the factors that facilitate the treatment. The child should be seated in the front row, in front of the teacher, away from the window and close to the blackboard, and he should be allowed to do his own homework in a separate corner from the other children without being distracted. It is necessary to allow the child to take a break while doing his homework, to reduce the playing hours and to avoid the cancellation of recess. It is necessary to avoid situations that may distract attention while doing homework, and to study in a programmed and structured way at short intervals.

It is necessary to be patient with a child with attention deficit, to repeat what is said when necessary and to give him time. It should not be forgotten that the correct and positive behavior of the child should be rewarded, his skills should be reinforced and he should be encouraged to do his duty.

MERVE KEVLEKCI

EXPERT PSYCHOLOGIST

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