Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder; In its simplest form, it is seen as excessive activity, lack of impulse control, lack of attention and difficulty in following the rules as inappropriate for the age period.

So, is every active child, or a child who has difficulty following the rules, diagnosed with attention deficit and hyperactivity?

Before I talk about the diagnostic criteria, I would like to highlight some conditions.

First; The symptoms should be seen before the age of 7, that is, in the preschool period. Therefore, if there is any doubt about whether there is attention deficit and hyperactivity in a child who goes to primary school, the information in the pre-school education process and information about infancy should be obtained in a healthy way.

Latter; symptoms should be seen more severely than in a normal individual. The child may show some behaviors due to his temperament. It is very important to distinguish this from attention deficit and hyperactivity. In order to be diagnosed, it is seen that the quality of life deteriorates and there are difficulties that affect the family in the daily flow.

Third; Symptoms such as increased mobility, attention problems, attention deficit and difficulty in adaptation, such as hyperactivity, may be seen in children who are exposed to the screen and who are together with too much television, phone, tablet and computer. Since these results occur due to another reason, they are not differentiated from attention deficit and hyperactivity.

Diagnostic Criteria

Attention deficit and hyperactivity are evaluated under 3 headings.

  1. Hyperactivity and impulsivity

  2. Lack of attention

  3. Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity

Hyperactivity; The child’s being quite active compared to his peers and not being able to control it despite all warnings. In order to be able to talk about hyperactivity within the scope of attention deficit and hyperactivity, this situation must be seen at a level to cause problems in at least two areas. In other words, when the child is overactive at home and the family cannot cope, the same situation should be seen at school and in other social environments.

Impulsivity; Haste is the state of wanting to have one’s wish immediately. Children with impulsivity act without thinking and cannot calculate the consequences of their actions, even though the age period is suitable for establishing a cause-effect relationship. Because of this, they can often get into trouble. They may be hasty in speaking and have trouble waiting for others to speak. In the school environment, they may experience difficulties in social relations due to this reason.

Lack of attention; Difficulty concentrating on a subject or being distracted for a short time. They are greatly affected by external stimuli. They may experience communication problems at school and at home due to losing their belongings and often forgetting their responsibilities.

Attention Deficit Symptoms

  1. Often fails to pay attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work, or other activities.

  2. He is often distracted in the tasks he undertakes or in the activities he plays, and when spoken to directly, he often seems not to listen.

  3. Often does not follow directions and fails to complete schoolwork, chores or duties at work.

  4. He often has difficulty in organizing the tasks and activities he undertakes, and often avoids tasks that require a certain mental effort. For example, writing work is like homework, or they are also reluctant to take part.

  5. He often loses things necessary for the tasks or activities he undertakes. For example, toys, schoolwork, pens, books, or tools.

  6. Often easily distracted by external stimuli, often forgetful in daily activities

Hyperactivity Hyperactivity Symptoms

  1. Most of the time, his hands and feet are fidgeting or he is fidgeting in place.

  2. Often gets out of place in class or in other situations where sitting is expected.

  3. Often runs around or climbs in situations where it is inappropriate, may be limited to subjective feelings of restlessness in adolescents or adults.

  4. Often there is difficulty in calmly participating in leisure activities or playing games.

  5. Most of the time he is on the go or acts as if the motor is stuck or about to go off at any moment.

  6. He talks most of the time.

Impulsivity Symptoms

  1. Often tries to answer the questions asked before the question is completed.

  2. Most of the time waiting for the turn is also strong.

  3. Often interrupts or intrudes on others, for example meddling in other people’s conversations or games.

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