Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder, which we have encountered quite a lot lately, causes panic and anxiety in families and also in schools, not knowing how to act in teachers who teach these children.
1. Lack of attention
Lack of attention: It manifests itself with symptoms such as inability to focus attention and easily distracted, disorganization, forgetfulness, losing things, making careless mistakes.
Hyperactivity: It manifests itself with symptoms such as not being able to sit for a long time, fidgeting while sitting, being on the move most of the time, talking a lot. Their way of speaking is often disorganized, jumping from topic to topic or constantly asking questions, and they often do not listen to the answer to the question they ask.
Impulsivity: It is the problem of controlling one’s behavior. The main reason for impulsivity is that the system that allows the person to stop for the time they need to think before doing something does not work. They do what comes to their mind first, but after they do, they realize whether it is appropriate.
Conditions necessary for the diagnosis of ADHD:
1. Must have started before age 7
2. It must be permanent and continuous (at least 6 months)
3. Must be seen in more than one setting (both home and school)
4. It must be at a level that will significantly affect at least one area of the person’s life (academic or social area)
HOW IS ADHD TREATED?
• Medication (In individuals with ADHD, the regions of the brain that allow one to stop and think before doing something and are responsible for behavior and attention control do not work adequately. There are disruptions in the transmission of chemical substances that enable these regions to work, and the most common form of treatment for a solution is drug therapy)
• Parent education and couple counseling if necessary
• Teacher training at school
• Educational support if the child needs psychological support
HOW TO HELP CHILDREN WITH ADHD?
• First of all, it should not be forgotten that this is a team effort and a multidimensional treatment approach. For this, the cooperation of family, school and health personnel is required.
• Always state what you want your child to do, not what they should not do.
• Give short and clear instructions by looking at his/her face while giving instructions; do not give more than one instruction at the same time.
• Do not focus your attention on your child’s negative or inappropriate behavior. Take care of him when he behaves appropriately.
• Give your child responsibilities for the things they can do. Do not hinder its development by being overprotective.
• Make environmental and educational arrangements for him.
• Reward your child not only when he gets good grades, but when he tries to do his duties
• Offer your child options and let them make their own decisions. Thus, he will be more diligent in completing a job he has chosen.
• These children have trouble scheduling their time and fulfilling their tasks on time, and for this they should be assisted in planning their priorities and preparing and following a work schedule.
• Investigate what your child is interested in. Try to combine academic subjects with the subjects he is interested in.
• Eliminate distracting materials in the study environment, as they are easily distracted.
• Limit TV and computer games.
• Be more patient with your child’s mistakes and use positive reinforcements instead of punishments. Remember that your child makes these mistakes unintentionally.