Attachment – John Bowbly

Bowbly explained the reason for writing this work, that the most important stage of human development is between the ages of 0-3, and the most important reason for this is the “attachment” relationship. He divided the crying phases of the baby into 3 (protest, despair, rupture) and explained that each phase was a reflection of the need for attachment. He examined the relationship between attachment and the “secondary drive theory” and added that not only in human infants but also in baboons and rhesus monkeys. He said that the intensity and frequency of attachment increased in the first year of life, decreased in the second and third years, and that the fetish choice in humans was centered on the period during the third age. He analyzed the stages of smile and divided it into three and defined the characteristics of infancy. He said that the attachment figure was given to the mother as the primary attachment figure in the first year, and the role was shared with the father in the second year. He stated that he was looking for a playmate after he was sure of where the attachment figure was. He did not participate in what Winnicot called the “transition process to object relations”, and argued that this process could only be called “Temporary Process, Temporary Object”. Ensuring connectivity; 1-) Responding to Crying 2-) Social Interaction 3-) Timely and Appropriate Response to Signals will be provided in the most appropriate way. He stated that the important thing in attachment is not the satisfaction of the baby’s bodily needs, but “Social Interaction”. He said that the criterion for attachment would be the measurement of the baby’s reaction when his mother returned, not his “objection” when the mother left the baby. how the mother will treat her newborn baby; He argued that “it is related to the feelings and thoughts experienced by the mother in the 2 years before birth” and that the attachment becomes “stable” as the satisfaction given to the baby increases. He stated that the child’s perspective towards other people develops thanks to “whether his mother takes the baby’s point of view into account while taking care of the baby”. He shared with Ainsworth that the child’s ability to analyze other people had developed quite well in the third year.

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