Weight loss drugs, approved by the Ministry of Health, are drugs that should be used under the control of a doctor in the treatment of obesity and in people who have difficulties in losing weight with diet. The most commonly used of these drugs are those containing Orlistat and Sibutramine.
orlistat The treatment is started in patients who can lose at least 2.5 kg with diet. It is applied in conjunction with a low calorie diet. A balanced diet, fruit and vegetable-based diet is important. Fatty foods increase their side effects. Vitamin supplementation is required as it causes vitamin deficiency. It causes upper respiratory tract infections and headaches in more than 30% of people who use it. In addition, oily stools, oily staining, fluid stools, frequency of defecation, flatulence, stool incontinence, abdominal pain, bloating, jaundice, inflammation of the pancreas, low blood sugar, pain in the rectum, menstrual irregularity, anxiety, fatigue, dental and gum disorders It has important side effects such as urinary tract infection, itching, rash, angioedema, anaphylaxis. A doctor’s check is required.
Sibutramine administered on a low-calorie diet. It is not used in patients with high blood pressure, those with heart, kidney and liver disease, and those with mental disorders. It triggers depression and suicidal tendencies. Headache, cardiac arrhythmia, palpitations, increased blood pressure, gastrointestinal disorders, exacerbation of hemorrhoids, increased liver enzymes, insomnia, psychological disorders, leg cramps, seizures, fever, edema in the body, arthritis, bronchitis, shortness of breath, itching, sweating It has serious side effects such as rash, blurred vision, taste disturbance, menstrual irregularity, abnormal ejaculation and orgasm, impotence, kidney disorders, allergic hypersensitivity and anaphylaxis. It can be fatal when used with drugs of similar effect.
Apart from these, it reduces appetite by affecting the nutrition center in the brain. Methamphetamine, Benzphetamine, Phentermineand diethylpropion There are drugs that contain substances such as Long-term use of these drugs is undesirable. It has important side effects on the heart, gastrointestinal system, reproductive system and kidney functions. They can cause sudden death in people with heart defects.
Herbal slimming preparations (pills) imported with the permission of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and marketed without a prescription are widely used in the market. In these pills, which are claimed to be harmless, there are some chemicals as well as the active substances contained in the plants. For example, in the Red pepper pill with red pepper , guarana , cinemaki , Heather Leaf , mate leaf and L-carnitine. In this type of pills, active ingredients such as L-carnitine are added to the herbal mixture. Carnitine, which is normally found in our body, plays a role in the conversion of fats into energy. L-carnitine Medicines containing carnitine are used when carnitine deficiency occurs in the body for some reason. Carnitine taken in normal conditions can cause high blood pressure, headache, dizziness, fever, heart rhythm and dysfunction, anemia, gastrointestinal diseases, depression, weakness, allergies and paralysis in predisposed individuals.Imported and sold over-the-counter with the permission of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs. LIFTOFF is a product similar to energy drinks. These products are generally caffeine, guarana, taurine, niacin, pyridoxine, cyanocobalamin etc.they contain. Caffeine It is known to cause rhythm disorder in the heart, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, discomfort in the digestive system, anemia, insomnia, irritability and addiction. The FDA (USA Food and Drug Administration) allows 71 mg of caffeine in this type of product. Considering that we are getting close to this dose of caffeine with tea or coffee we drink every day, it can be said that these products will not contribute much to weight loss. These types of products do not cause significant weight loss in people who do not follow a calorie diet. It is known that an average of 150-800 mg of caffeine per day is effective in weight loss, but tolerance develops over time and the effect decreases and dependence on caffeine occurs. guarana It contains caffeine and acts like caffeine. It is frequently found in this type of products recommended to athletes. Taurine has been shown to affect muscle function but not change body weight. Taurine has side effects such as headache, dizziness, nausea, diarrhea, constipation etc. niacin When more than 30 mg is taken a day, it causes redness on the face, and when it is taken over 3 g, it creates a toxic effect on the liver. It can also cause an increase in blood sugar, dizziness, headache, gastrointestinal disorders and itching. Pyridoxine It can cause insomnia, allergies, headache, decrease in serum folic acid, sensitivity to light, breast enlargement etc. Cyanocobalamin Although not frequently, it can cause reactions such as diarrhea, itching and anaphylaxis.
As a result, none of the pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical products marketed for weight loss are innocent. People who have difficulty in losing weight should use these products under the control of an authorized specialist. It should not be forgotten that a low calorie diet and a balanced diet are essential under all circumstances.