Are Orthodontic Braces Harmful to Teeth?

Greetings to everyone, this week I will try to explain in more detail a subject that has received many questions and wondered. Do the fixed apparatus (wires, brackets, bands, etc.) used during orthodontic treatment, that is, the retainer elements that cannot be attached or removed by the patients and must remain in the mouth for a long time, cause any damage to the teeth?

First of all, all the materials used are produced with many approvals after very detailed researches and studies and are widely used around the world. A specialist orthodontist should pay attention to these indispensable criteria in material selection. In other words, these materials used do not have any harmful effects on health by themselves.

Let’s come to the increase in caries risk in orthodontic treatments. Dental caries is a very common problem in society, which occurs as a result of the combination of certain factors. Nutritional habits, genetic factors and oral hygiene habits are the most basic factors in caries formation.

As a result of feeding with intense sugary food and brushing teeth in a sufficient time and not properly, cavities will appear on the teeth after a certain period of time.

When we look at people undergoing orthodontic treatment, the areas where food residues will hold in the mouth have increased, and cleaning these indented areas requires a better tooth brushing process. In cases where this is not applied, an increase in caries risks can be observed. Especially, carbohydrate-heavy diet and drinking acidic and intense sugary drinks are factors that increase the risk of caries.

In other words, although it is not caused by the materials adhered to the teeth, the partial difficulty of brushing during fixed orthodontic treatment and the increase in food accumulation bring an increase in the risk of caries.

Of course, the only way to prevent this situation is to brush teeth with the right technique and for a longer time. In people who have a good tooth brushing habit before starting the treatment, no caries occurs during these treatments.

Since orthodontic treatments usually proceed in the form of monthly appointments, the physician has a chance to constantly monitor their patients and warn them if there is a risk of caries. A good brushing habit gained during treatment continues for many years, and if this habit is gained especially in childhood, oral health is preserved for many years without any problems thanks to the teeth that have been corrected with orthodontic treatment.

In summary, cavities caused by orthodontic treatment are very rare conditions and are based on inadequate oral care.

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