The main artery leaving the heart is called the aorta. The part of the aorta in the thorax is called the thoracic aorta, and the part in the abdominal cavity is called the abdominal aorta.
Aortic aneurysm, ballooning from the areas where the aortic wall is weak, is called aortic aneurysm. There are two types as thoracic (chest) and abdominal (abdominal) aortic aneurysms according to the region of aneurysm.
Risk factors of aortic aneurysm:
-Bicuspid aortic valve
Aortic aneurysm and heart valve diseases are common in Marfan syndrome with congenital connective tissue disorder. Bicuspid aortic valve is the most common congenital heart disease and aortic aneurysm is common in these patients.
Aortic aneurysm symptoms:
Patients with aortic aneurysm may not have symptoms even if the aneurysm is very large. Usually, the diagnosis is made incidentally during routine examinations and/or tests. It is diagnosed incidentally in ultrasonography or tomography performed for major diseases. It may cause chest and abdominal pain depending on the location of the aneurysm in the chest and abdomen. Patients, especially weak patients, may feel the pulse in the abdomen. Thoracic aortic aneurysm may cause difficulty in swallowing, shortness of breath and sometimes even hoarseness. A ruptured aneurysm may cause sudden and severe pain, loss of consciousness and shock depending on the location of the aneurysm and the amount of bleeding. , the aneurysm may throw a clot farther from the area and cause vascular occlusion.