Anxiety disorders spectrum disorders

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anxiety and me

Anxiety (anxiety) is an emotion experienced by almost every human being. Its main purpose is to sustain life and to ensure the development of adaptive behavior. However, experiencing this feeling, which is healthy to a certain extent, begins to negatively affect one’s life and relationships with other people after a certain point. The feeling of anxiety causes disproportionate, inappropriate and exaggerated responses to events with the dangers they involve.

Anxiety manifests itself with various physical and mental symptoms. The main physical symptoms include palpitation, increased heart rate, increased or decreased blood pressure, flushing, shortness of breath, feeling of tiredness and fatigue, tremor, abdominal pain, nausea-vomiting, dry mouth, frequent urination, sweating and hot flashes. Common psychological symptoms are loss of control, loss of mind and fear of death. All these symptoms cause the person to experience feelings such as anxiety, dread, nervousness, tension, irritability and helplessness.

Anxiety can occur due to hereditary, biochemical, environmental and personal factors, as well as due to various diseases and some drugs used. Anxiety is one of the most common mental symptoms. There are various types such as phobias, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder.
The most common of these are phobias, that is, fears.

A phobia is a distressing and irrational fear of an object, activity, or situation that is not actually dangerous. People may be extremely afraid of animals such as cats, dogs, insects, seeing blood, getting injured or injured, a doctor or dentist, staying indoors, heights, or getting on an airplane. Such conditions are called specific phobia, that is, an extreme fear with a clear cause .

When it comes to performing activities that require skill or in social environments, the person’s refrain from entering such environments for fear of embarrassing behavior is called social phobia. People begin to avoid speaking, eating, and speaking in front of people they hardly know.

Panic attacks are attacks of intense distress or fear that start suddenly and recur from time to time, leaving people terrified. We call these seizures, which our patients often call “crises”, PANIC ATTACKS.

panic disorder,

• Recurrent, unexpected panic attacks and

• Persistent anxiety about the possibility of other panic attacks in the times between attacks,

• Panic attacks are described as “heart attack and death; Persistent sadness or worry that it may lead to bad consequences, such as “losing control and going crazy” or “having a stroke”

• It is a mental disorder in which some behavioral changes are seen (such as not going to work, not doing sports, not doing housework, not eating or drinking some food or drinks, carrying medicine, water, alcohol, various foods) against attacks and possible bad consequences.

Worry about having a panic attack can significantly affect a person’s social, professional, and family life. He may not want to go out alone. He avoids taking public transportation vehicles. Being in crowded places and entering closed places creates intense anxiety. He can carry objects such as medicine, cologne, sugar to feel safe and comfortable.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder, or as it is commonly known in society, is the presence of disturbing, haunting, repetitive impulses or thoughts (obsession, obsession) and behaviors (compulsions, compulsions) that the person develops to get rid of these obsessions. For example, the most frequent and common form of washing and cleaning behavior, which is developed against the “obsession of contagion”, which cannot be removed from the mind, is the most common and common form of this. He also frequently encounters compelling behaviors such as checking repeatedly after turning off the stove.

Although the exact cause of these diseases is not known enough yet, there are important and promising developments in the treatment.

Psychotherapy and medication are helpful.

Suggestions

• First of all, ask for help from a psychiatrist (mental health and diseases)

• Do not apply to physicians in various specialties for your distress and physical complaints, that is, “do not go around doctor-doctor”. A good patient-physician relationship with a single physician will speed up the recovery of your complaints.

• Do not apply to the emergency services of hospitals, especially during a panic attack. It is much more important to be able to cope with your distress and physical complaints during a panic attack on your own.

• Believe in the assurances given to you that your somatic complaints are not caused by an organic disorder after adequate examinations, and do not have your blood pressure or blood sugar measured frequently, do not have unnecessary tests done on your own.

• Tea and coffee will increase your distress due to some of the substances they contain. Do not consume such drinks too much.

• Alcohol can give you temporary relief. This is misleading. In addition to the danger of alcohol dependence, you may face very serious side effects as a result of the interaction of alcohol with the drugs you use.

• Because of the distress you are experiencing, you may have very disturbing thoughts such as “Will I throw my child or myself out the window?” “Will I harm my environment?” When you cannot cope with these thoughts on your own, you can reach your doctor or institutions that provide counseling services by phone. If these efforts are also insufficient, apply to a psychiatry center near you.

• Do not stop your medication with the thought that you are getting better. Take the decision to terminate the treatment together with your doctor. Remember that even if your complaints go away, you may need to use medication for a while to prevent your disease from recurring.

• Keep your belief that you will overcome your disease and do not give up the fight.

REMEMBER YOU ARE NOT ALONE!

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