Anxiety Disorders in Children

Anxiety, fear and worry are useful and necessary mechanisms that warn us of the dangers in our innate environment.

However, when this anxiety, fear and worry is widespread and beyond our control, it emerges as a group of psychiatric disorders that negatively affect and restrict our lives, which we call anxiety disorder.

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES

  • Anxiety and fears such as losing parents, illness, ghosts, monsters, darkness at the age of 3-4

  • Anxiety about starting school at the age of 6-10, the birth of a sibling, not being able to make friends, not being successful, not being wanted by friends,

  • In adolescence, the physical appearance of the young person, the dangers that threaten his existence. Internal conflict concerns social conflict, peer relationships and relationships with the opposite sex, and parental attitudes.

  • Situations that cause anxiety in young children form the basis of mental reactions in later ages.

  • Not meeting the basic needs or making the mother overly dependent on the mother during infancy is an important element of the condition called primitive anxiety.

  • Inhibitions such as sudden weaning or deprivation of the mother’s breast can create conflicts that will cause anxiety.

  • The separation of the child from the mother, whose all needs are met by his mother, may cause insecurity and anxiety in the child.

  • Sudden changes in the environment worry young children.

  • A sense of anxiety may arise after deprivation and loss.

  • Anxiety in parents can lead to anxiety in the child, both by genetics and by being a model.

Most importantly, ensure that children and adolescents with high anxiety levels, which negatively affect their social, emotional, cognitive development and functionality in daily life, receive psychological support with different treatment, therapy and approaches.

What can be done to prevent anxiety in children from reaching abnormal levels?

  • Raise your child with love and trust, not with anxious thoughts, attitudes and behaviors.

  • Show tolerant and consistent attitudes instead of mother and father attitudes that will increase anxiety

  • Get to know the developmental characteristics and anxiety level of both you and your child well.

  • Do not be compared to their peers, do not be forced to perform above what they can do, support them when they cannot, encourage them to try again, and praise them when they succeed.

  • Prepare the child for new situations (birth of a sibling, housewarming, school change).

 

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