Anxiety, which is called anxiety in the field of psychology, is a condition associated with bodily complaints accompanying intense fear. Chills, back pain, headache, muscle tension, shortness of breath, rapid breathing, easy fatigue, flushing and fading of the face, palpitation, sweating, dry mouth, frequent urination, diarrhea, numbness in hands and feet, difficulty swallowing are physical symptoms of anxiety. . Psychological symptoms are seen as a feeling that something bad will happen, difficulty concentrating, insomnia, something stuck in the throat, a feeling of discomfort in the stomach, and a decrease in sexual desire.
Fear is an appropriate response to a known danger, while anxiety is considered a response to an ambiguous or contradictory threat.
Panic disorder, agarophobia, specific phobia, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder are subtypes of anxiety disorder.
In addition to pharmacological treatment, supportive psychotherapy, insight-oriented psychotherapy, behavioral therapy, cognitive therapy, group therapies are applied.
Source: Kaplan & Sadock’s handbook of clinical psychiatry
1. Panic Disorder
It is a state of extreme anxiety, anxiety and fear, in which the person feels as if he is dying or having a heart attack, and usually has no significant trigger to explain the situation. During a panic attack Commonly, there are signs and symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, tremor, sweating, rapid breathing, chest pain, nausea, feeling of fainting, and fear of going crazy. The person avoids going into certain closed and dark or crowded environments or endures this situation under significant stress.
2. Pervasive Anxiety Disorder
generalized anxiety disorder It is a state of extreme anxiety, sadness, and worry about many events or activities almost every day. Along with extreme anxiety, easy fatigue, concentration difficulties, muscle tension, sleep disorders are also accompanying symptoms. The person’s work and professional life is affected by this anxious situation.
3. Social Anxiety Disorder
with social phobia Individuals are concerned about environments where they encounter people they do not know or where others may be overlooked. The person knows that this fear is excessive and meaningless, but avoids meeting people because of his anxiety. They avoid actions such as eating, talking, going to the toilet in public.
4. Obsessive Compulsive disorder
This disorder includes repetitive intrusive thoughts and repetitive behavior patterns. Obsessions are repetitive thoughts and impulses that cause anxiety and sadness. Compulsions, on the other hand, are behaviors that a person develops against obsessions and cannot stop himself from doing. Behind the patterns of behavior that we see as hand washing, ordering, controlling, saying certain words, there are thoughts that cause intense anxiety.
It is the excessive, meaningless, marked and constant fear of the existence of a specific object or situation. Many areas such as traveling by plane, altitude, animals, seeing blood have been described. The extreme level of fear often prevents the person from being in the feared environment. Phobias negatively affect people’s daily lives and cause disruptions.
Agoraphobia In addition, the person avoids being in places where it is not possible to escape, such as crowded or open places outside the home. The person becomes attached to the home, may not leave the home at all, or may not be able to leave the house without an accompanying person.
7. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
In this disorder, the person begins to feel anxiety after an unusual event. He may have experienced or witnessed an event that threatened his own life, such as the sudden death of a loved one, an accident, an earthquake. They describe symptoms such as feeling repetitively experiencing the event, avoiding the environment or situations related to the event, and frequently dreaming in a disturbing way.