Anxiety Disorder / Anxiety

Anxiety, also known as anxiety disorder, is a psychological disorder. Everyone can worry about future situations from time to time, but people with anxiety disorders worry excessively, uncontrollably, and for a long time about many situations. These people issues of concern; Although there are issues that everyone is worried about, such as health, financial situation, work, relationships, family, minor misfortunes that happen to their children, things to do, anxiety disorder is the size, duration and negative impact of the anxiety on life that distinguishes it from ordinary daily anxiety. People with anxiety disorders are constantly nervous and on edge. They experience muscle tension, uncontrollable restlessness and uneasiness. These anxieties manifest themselves almost every day.

Anxiety Disorder for diagnosis In a six-month period, the number of days spent worrying should be more than the days spent without worry. Another factor that plays a role in anxiety disorder is intolerance to uncertainty. In the case of intolerance to uncertainty, the person has some negative beliefs about uncertainty. They react negatively when faced with an uncertain situation or event.


  • Feeling nervous, restless, panicked

  • Constant feeling that bad things will happen, constant negative thinking

  • Excessive acceleration in heartbeat

  • Shake

  • excessive sweating

  • feeling tired and weak

  • Focus, concentration problems

  • dry mouth, stomach problems

  • headaches

  • sleep problems

  • overthinking

  • The state of avoiding the effects that will trigger anxiety

  • The fear of death


According to statistics, anxiety disorders are more common in women than in men. It is more common in adults than children. The age of onset may be in the late teens or late 20s. It is rarer to occur at earlier ages. The content of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents may also differ. In addition, comorbidities with anxiety disorder differ according to gender.


  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder: A feeling of extreme anxiety and tension for no apparent reason.

  • Panic Attack: Sudden and intense fear can cause panic attacks. In the meantime, you may feel pain in your chest, you may experience sweat discharge in your body, and you may observe an acceleration in your heartbeat. Sometimes the process can be so severe that you think you are drowning or having a heart attack.

  • social anxiety disorder; Causes high levels of anxiety, fear, and avoidance of social situations due to fear of being judged or viewed negatively by others.

  • Specific Phobias; It can manifest itself in the form of a fear of heights. People with this fear may worry about getting on a plane or living in high-rise houses.

  • Agoraphobia ; It is a type of anxiety disorder in which the person fears and often avoids places or situations that can cause them to panic and feel trapped, helpless, and embarrassed.

  • Separation Anxiety;It is a type of anxiety disorder that causes intense stress and fear in the person even when he thinks of separating from the attached person (parent).

  • Selective Non-Speaking;It is expressed as the child’s not using his speech and communication skills in some social environments such as school.


  • Trauma;Individuals exposed to traumatic events are more likely to experience anxiety disorders.

  • In childhood, sexual abuse orin neglectexperience greatly increases the risk of anxiety.

  • stress from an illness ; Worry and stress about your own health or the health of those around you can increase anxiety disorders.

  • Attitudes of families ; Overprotective attitudes and behaviors can cause anxiety.

  • substance abuseincreases the risk of anxiety.

  • Personality;Some people are more prone to anxiety disorders.

  • Low self esteem,Negative thoughts and perceptions such as being the subject of ridicule can cause anxiety disorder.

  • inflammation

  • in the decision-making part of the brain inflammationmay cause anxiety

  • Hormones;Imbalances in hormones such as high cortisol, irregular thyroid functions, low progesterone level can cause anxiety.

  • Relatives with anxiety disorders;Anxiety disorders can be genetic.


Anxiety disorder, when left untreated, reduces a person’s quality of life and causes depression. In fact, the person may even start substance addiction by getting into a dead end due to the mood he is in. For these reasons, it is essential to start treatment as soon as possible. Treatment is possible with psychotherapy, medication, and cognitive behavioral therapy. Which treatment method you will respond better to can be determined by trial and error.

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