Anxiety is characterized by internal conflicts that occur in anticipation of a defined or unidentified threat, which arouse unpleasant feelings in the individual.
Anxiety appears as an overreaction and intense anxiety in the face of a perceived threat.
Anxiety is a protective response to an individual’s evolutionary adaptation effort such as survival, safety, pleasure, and escape from pain, but the individual is defined as an anxiety disorder when intense and continuous anxiety, difficulty in controlling the sense of anxiety, and panic affect the functionality of the individual.
Thinking that something bad will happen to you (physically), such as palpitations, sweating, trembling, breathing difficulty, headache, dizziness, muscle tension, being embarrassed, going crazy, extreme nervousness, intolerance and restlessness, expectation of bad news, decreased concentration, quick startle It may occur with (cognitive) components such as
Anxiety disorder prevalence is one of the most common disorders, it is 2 times more common in women. The incidence increases with age.
Treatment in the Process of Anxiety Disorder
The cause of anxiety disorder is not fully understood. It may occur due to many reasons such as genetic factors, traumatic experiences, health problems, environmental factors, dysfunctional attachment styles. The treatment of anxiety disorder may vary according to the frequency, intensity and multiplicity of the symptoms that the individual has.
Anxiety disorder is a treatable condition. There are many treatments available to reduce and control its symptoms. One of them is psychotherapy.
Psychotherapy is talk therapy with a mental health professional. The aim of this treatment is to reorganize the thought and behavioral patterns that cause anxiety, and to gain healthy coping skills instead of dysfunctional coping skills with cognitive and experiential techniques.