Anal Abscess

Anal abscess is inflammation around the anal canal. Although it is more common in men than women, it is seen in both sexes. It can be thought that it is common in men due to the difference between occupational groups.

Knowing the anatomy of the anal canal and surrounding tissue will help us a lot in understanding the subject.

Here, it is necessary to know the sweat and sebaceous glands around the anal canal and the mucosal anal glands (their numbers are between 4-8) that secrete mucus to the anal mucosa. The sweat and sebaceous glands around the anal canal open to the superficial skin in the anal area. The mucous glands of the anal canal are what we call crypts into the anal canal. It opens into mucosal recesses. The main formation mechanisms of anal abscesses are due to the obstruction of the ducts of these glands. Sometimes, albeit very little, anal abscesses may develop after soft tissue inflammation.

.Long time sitting

.Poor hygiene

. Diet (diet that is oily and hardens stool)

.Insufficient fluid consumption (daily consumption of less than 3 liters of water for adults)

. breech crack

These glands can cause duct obstruction.

As a result of the mucus sweat and fat accumulation they produce in these clogged channels, they become suitable for infection in that area. Abscess formation occurs in the infected areas.

In the patient with abscess, there is pain, swelling, redness and temperature increase over the abscess area. There is pain that increases with bowel movements and movement.

TREATMENT

DRAINAGE AND ANTIBIOTIC TREATMENT OF APSE

An important note: NOT EVERY APSE MAKES FISTULA, BUT 40-50% TURNS INTO FISTULES. THESE ARE CONSIDERED TO BE DUE TO abscesses originating from MUZAL GLANDS IN THE ANAL CANAL. IT IS NOT CLEAR WHICH APSE IS CAUSED FROM THESE GLANDS. AFTER APSE TREATMENT, WE MUST CONTACT YOUR DOCTOR. IF THERE IS A FISTULA, IT TURNS INTO RECURRENT abscesses.

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