Organ diseases such as lungs, skin, nose and eyes are common as allergies. However, here we will give more information about allergic nose and sinus diseases.
Allergy is an over-protection reaction against substances that our body considers foreign.
It is normal for our body to protect itself. However, this protective mechanism can progress to situations that can cause harm in allergic situations.
In such cases, we see that diseases such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis and allergic skin diseases occur.
Allergy usually occurs against pollen, chemical and biological substances.
In seasonal allergic rhinitis, we see the most pollen allergy. Mite feces in homes are also biological residual allergens.
With the increase in the use of industrial products, it causes metal allergies to be seen more frequently as an allergic factor in daily used home, work and school materials.
As a biological allergen, especially pet hair and saliva such as cats, dogs and birds come to the fore.
Recently, chemically, perfumes, deodorants, make-up materials have emerged as important allergic substances.
The best way to get rid of allergic diseases is undoubtedly to stay away from allergens. Or these substances should be removed from the living environment.
It is also possible to be vaccinated against allergen substances such as pollen, dust, chemicals that cannot be removed.
Protection by Vaccination:
Vaccination is a form of protection. It is determined to which substances there is an allergy.
A special vaccination calendar is created for these substances. Allergy vaccination is a long term (3-5 years) application. The body is gradually desensitized.
Drug Treatment of Allergy:
It is the general opinion that allergic diseases should be treated with medication in the first year after onset.
However, this period can be shortened in allergies that do not respond to drugs.
Vaccine treatment should be started in perennial allergic rhinitis that recurs after one year of drug therapy, is not relieved by drugs, and is observed throughout the year.
As drug therapy, allergy tablets are taken orally. These are antihistamines and combined antihistamine + montelikast tablets.
However, cromolyns and systemic decongestants can be used in appropriate doses under the control of a doctor.
Nasal steroid, nasal antihistamine and decongestant sprays are used through the nose.
Allergic Sinus Diseases:
It is usually seen together with allergic nasal diseases. The treatment is similar, while the allergic nose disease is treated, the sinuses are also treated.
However, some additional diseased tissues may occur in the sinuses.
The first of these is polyps.
Nasal Polyps are nasal conchae formed as a result of allergic sinus disease.
They must be treated.
If left untreated, they can enlarge and completely fill the nasal cavity, nasal cavity and sinuses.
The disease that occurs in this way is called MASSIVE POLYPOSIS. It is essential to operate on these meats.
The surgery is performed with the endoscopic technique, which we call a closed system.
Nasal meatus that does not improve with medication and progresses to an advanced level, which we call massive polyposis, is treated surgically.
CAUSES OF NOSE CONSTRUCTION:
- Intranasal bone cartilage curvatures (nasal septum deviations)
- Intranasal meat (nasal polyp)
- Adenoid (adenoid vegetation)
- Nasal swelling (concha hypertrophy)
- Nose and nasal tumors
- nasal allergy
- Nasal spray addiction disease (rhinitis medicamentosa)
- Environmental factors and aspirin-induced nasal disease (vasomotor rhinitis)
- Congenital posterior nasal vein (choanal atresia)
7th we wrote Rhinitis medicamentosa disease; It occurs as a result of using nasal sprays frequently and for a long time.
The nose becomes dependent on these drugs. So much so that without using these sprays, the nose will never open and the patient cannot relax and even cannot breathe and sleep at night.
A kind of drug addiction develops. It is a condition that must be treated. Because patients are extremely uncomfortable with this situation. Side effects occur gradually.
Nasal congestion recurs frequently, the nose dries up, and slight bleeding occurs due to cracks in the nose.
It is aimed to leave the sprays definitively. First, the usage is reduced.
In the meantime, nasal concha swelling, that is, turbinate hypertrophy, which causes nasal congestion, is corrected.
Meat-reducing energy applications, which we call radiofrequency, are applied to the nose meats.
Nasal steroids may be tried.
The reason for nasal congestion we wrote in the 8th place vasomotor rhinitisis a disease.
As a result of this disease and environmental pollution, the nasal mucous membranes become irritated and the turbinates, which we call the concha, swell. In addition, sudden temperature changes and very cold weather have a similar effect on the nasal concha.
Since environmental pollution and air conditioning play an important role, it is recommended not to go out in environmental pollution.
It is important to pay attention to temperature changes. Some medications can be used to reduce nasal congestion.
Surgery can be applied to patients who do not respond to drug treatment and do not recover with the measures taken.
In addition, concha radiofrequency is applied for turbinate hypertrophy.