All about obsessive compulsive disorder (ocd)

in society obsessionObsessive compulsive disorder, also known as obsessive compulsive disorder, is a type of anxiety disorder. obsession, what we call obsession, delusion, delusion in everyday language; unwanted and uncontrollable; obsessive thoughts that cause anxiety and distress in the person and conflict with the value system of the person . Compulsion On the other hand, it is some repetitive, ritualized behaviors and mental actions of people in order to get rid of the anxiety, anxiety, nervousness caused by uncontrollable thoughts or to prevent a feared result. Compulsions are done to prevent obsessive thoughts. However, compulsive behaviors provide temporary relief. Obsessive thoughts come stronger, compulsive behaviors become more frequent. Since this cycle takes a long time, it causes increasing anxiety and anxiety. Not every obsession has a compulsion. . In many cases, our clients may complain that they simply cannot get rid of their obsessive thoughts.

Individuals struggling with obsessive compulsive disorder often say that they cannot resist or prevent their obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors, although they accept that they are irrational. Obsessive compulsive disorder is like a computer virus. Imagine what happens when a computer gets a virus. The virus prevents some programs from running on the computer, slows down the computer’s operation or freezes it by sending annoying messages to your screen. Like a computer virus, OCD increases the size and frequency of annoying thoughts in your brain. It slows down or blocks the operation of some programs in the brain, and sometimes it can completely stop the brain from working. As a result, you keep washing your hands over and over again. You can never be sure that it is clean. Because the OCD virus is in your brain “Your hands are cleaned, now you can stop washing your hands.” The sender of the command has disabled the zone. Sometimes you don’t want to leave the house because the OCD virus has raised worrying scary thoughts too high in your brain. Obsessive-compulsive disorder becomes a vicious circle that takes time to interrupt individuals’ daily activities and negatively affect their social relationships. OCD, according to World Health Organization (WHO) data It is among the top ten diseases that cause the most deterioration in the functionality of individuals and are the most difficult to cope with.

How Is It Diagnosed?

Obsessions or compulsions cause high distress, waste time, or can significantly impair the person’s normal daily activities, occupational functioning, social activities, and relationships. If the person has both obsessions and compulsions together, or if the obsessions or compulsions exist alone; these symptoms are excessively time-consuming (more than 1 hour a day) and significantly interfere with daily, occupational functioning, social activities, or relationships A diagnosis of OCD can be made after evaluation by a psychiatrist.

How Does It Appear?

Children of parents who show a negative, rigid approach to their children ‘I’m worthless, unloved, guilty, bad, I have to be perfect’ beliefs may develop. In order to gain the approval of their parents (and others), the child wants to show himself to the outside world as a perfect individual and develops a self-destructive perfectionism. This increases the likelihood of developing OCD and other psychological disorders. There is research supporting that childhood emotional abuse and emotional neglect are associated with obsessive-compulsive symptoms in adulthood.

Obsessive compulsive disorder is seen in 2-3% of the population. Although it is not known exactly what causes the disorder, research shows that both genetic and environmental factors are effective. The two age ranges in which OCD tends to appear first; It is between the ages of 7-12 and late adolescence to early adulthood. As the severity of obsessive compulsive disorder increases It can cause different psychological disorders such as anxiety and depression. According to the findings of a study conducted with OCD patients, 56.5% of OCD patients also struggle with major depression. .

How Is It Treated?

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is exacerbated when left untreated. It can cause the patient to move away from reality and deteriorate in many areas of his life. In coping with this disease The most appropriate way is to combine psychotherapy and drug therapy..

Early traumatic experiences that cause obsessions and compulsions, and ‘I am worthless, disliked, guilty, bad person, I must be perfect, etc.’ negative learning, perfectionism mechanism, need to control thoughts, and high feelings of danger and responsibility (guilt) should be studied. When past traumatic experiences, current obsessions and compulsions are processed with EMDR therapy, significant change can occur. The application of EMDR therapy alleviated the obsessive and compulsive behaviors used by individuals to cope with their traumas by 60%, and There are different research results showing that there is an 80% recovery in those who show obsessive compulsive symptoms that are not related to trauma..With a reliable psychological counselor and EMDR therapy, it is possible for individuals to easily cope with obsessions and compulsions in daily life and to lead a highly functional life.


Abramowitz, JS, Fabricant, LE, Taylor, S., Deacon, BJ, McKay, D., & Storch, EA (2014). The relevance of analogue studies for understanding obsessions and compulsions. Clinical psychology review, 34(3), 206-217.

Krah, IM (2012). The association between childhood trauma and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder severity in adulthood(Master’s thesis).

Marr, J. (2012). EMDR treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder: Preliminary research. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 6(1), 2-15.

Marsden, Z. (2016). EMDR treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder: Three cases. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 10(2), 91-103.

Steketee, G., & Noppen, BV (2004). Family approaches to treatment for obsessive compulsive disorder. Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 14(4), 55-71.

Von Strunck, H. (2016). Exploration of the Relationship between OCD and Parenting Style Subtypes.

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