AESTHETIC DENTISTRY

SMILE DESIGN

Color and deformities in the teeth can cause problems up to psychological disorders in the individual. With the development of aesthetic and restorative materials in dentistry, many shape, color and position disorders can be easily resolved. Smile Design assumes a very important function here.

  • What is Smile Design?

Smile design is to renew your ideal smile by applying medicine and art together. It is to plan a healthy smile by combining some of your personal wishes with health and naturalness. Factors affecting smile design:

  1. Your facial features
  2. your gender
  3. Your age
  4. smile symmetry
  5. The order and color of your teeth
  6. your lips
  7. your gums

Smile design is first started by determining which geometric shape your face line fits. The lines on the person’s face contain the passwords of which form the tooth should be selected. Below are the main face shapes and appropriate tooth forms.
With new aesthetic dentistry approaches “perioral area” also enters the field of treatment of the dentist. Laser, Botox, dermal fillers for aesthetic planning in the perioral and oral region with facial analysis methods (fillings) and laminate veneers, full ceramic restorations or zirconium porcelain crowns. The concept that aesthetic dentistry focuses on the most has been the “smile design”. Following the development of laminate veneers and the implementation of bonding techniques, new smiles created by applying aesthetic rules on lip-gingival-tooth morphology together with crown lengthening surgery and botulinum toxins of the content of this concept in the entire perioral region (BTX-botox)and tissue fillers (dermal fillers) consists of disseminating and expanding its applications. Within the framework of this approach, new tissue volumes are created in the peri-oral region and arrangements are made to increase aesthetics, as well as prosthetic procedures as application methods. Therefore, the new approach of aesthetic dentistry is that oral tissues are only intra-oral. (intraoral) not with tissues, but with a wider perspective within the framework of facial (facial) analysis and also to intervene in the perioral region. The physician should support the treatment with laminate veneers, full ceramic restorations or zirconium crowns that he has planned or applied in the oro-facial region, with some facial analysis methods and aesthetic planning in the perioral and oral region (BTX and dermal fillers).

Facial Analysis: It is a study to determine the facial features and to plan what to do in the oral and perioral region in this morphological structure, to determine the tooth morphology suitable for the facial characteristics for prosthetic procedures. In addition to inspection and cephalometric analysis, standardized portrait, oblique and profile photographs are used.

Crown Length Extension:Crown Lengthening (KBU) “aesthetic dentistry”the development of, and with “smile design” became widespread with the adoption of the approach. The purpose of CBU in aesthetic dentistry is to vertically reduce the part of the gingiva, which is below the upper lip smile line at the time of smile and is seen in an undesirable way. In recent years, the use of botulinum toxins has also been put into practice to achieve a similar goal. After all these minimal interventions, prosthetic treatment is completed with laminate veneers, full ceramic restorations or zirconium porcelain crowns, which are determined in accordance with the face, age, gender and personality, which are completely determined individually, and the full face rehabilitation is completed in terms of dentistry.

Nasolabial Region Download: “Smile Design” (Gummy Smile Design)Botulinum toxins (BTX) As in other branches of medicine, it is on the way to enter the routine with its use in dentistry. In smile design BTXwith the paralysis of the nasopharyngeal region and the drooping of the upper lip, masking the gums. “gummy smile”compensation is targeted.

Dermal Filler in the Peri-Oral Area: One of the elements that complete the smile design is the lip contours. Recently, dermal filler materials have been used to compensate and restore the volume of the lips in the peri-oral region and, more importantly, the “smoker lines”, which we can restore to a certain extent with prosthetic procedures.

  • LAMINATE VENEER (LEAF PORCELAIN)

It is also known as Laminate, Laminate or Lamina. They are porcelain leaflet ceramics with a very thin structure, which are adhered to the front surfaces of the teeth, which are in contact with the lips and cheeks.
Generally, it can be applied without cutting the teeth, or it can be applied with very little abrasion on the teeth. Leaf Porcelains allow the incoming light to pass, as they are very thin and do not contain metal. In this way, they look like natural teeth and their aesthetic appearance is extremely successful. If the right color and model work is done for the person, there is no artificial image and a natural image is formed.
In most cases, lamina dental veneers to be made on your own teeth, which are not aesthetically satisfactory, are sufficient to give the teeth a beauty and natural function with their solid structure and unchanging bright colors.
These veneers made of porcelain are a thin, semi-permeable layer. They are prepared and placed on an existing exterior with perfect fit and precision. The anterior surface of the tooth and the inner surface of the veneer are bonded with a special adhesive intermediate.
Due to their light transmittance, they cannot be distinguished from natural teeth.

  • Fields of Application Persons with broken front teeth,
  1. People whose front surfaces of their teeth are worn due to various factors (hard brushing, etc.),
  2. People who are not satisfied with the color of their teeth,
  3. People who have less crowding in their teeth and do not want to wear braces,
  4. People who have discoloration due to large fillings in their front teeth,
  5. People who have spaces between their teeth,
  6. It can be applied to people whose teeth are so short that their upper teeth are not visible during laughing.
  • Advantages
  1. A healthy and natural appearance is achieved with a small intervention.
  2. They are produced from durable, colorfast and durable materials. It is only possible with laminate veneer for your teeth to have the aesthetic features you want without deteriorating their natural structure. Either no change is made on the tooth or a smoother result can be achieved with a small cut (0.3 – 0.7 mm).
  3. Since the porcelain surfaces will be extremely smooth, it minimizes the stains and tartar formations caused by smoking and similar reasons. It does not change color with external factors such as coffee, tea, cigarettes.
  4. It is quite fragile in material. However, when fully bonded to enamel, its resistance to tensile and tensile forces becomes very high.
  5. It has high resistance to abrasion. They protect the tooth and prevent the development of caries.
  6. They look so natural that it cannot be understood that a porcelain application has been made.
  7. Since no operation is performed on the tongue side of the teeth, patients do not feel foreign. Therefore, it is very easy to adapt.
  • Disadvantages

It has advantages over other restorations in terms of health. However, it is a slightly more expensive system compared to others.
It is a delicate technique.

  • Situations where construction is not suitable
  1. In people with unhealthy gums, their gums should be treated first. (applies to all skins.)
  2. It cannot be done in cases where a large amount of tooth enamel is lost. If there is little or no enamel, there will be a sticking problem.
  3. In people whose teeth have already been cut.
  4. Especially in people who grind their teeth unnoticed at night (Bruxism Patients)First of all, bruxism should be treated.

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