Adolescent Research on Eating Disorders

Adolescence is a period of risk for developing eating disorders. Factors such as parenting styles, attachment styles, temperament, and psychological coping skills can trigger the onset of eating disorders (Erdoğan and İşiten, (2021). Eating disorders may develop more rapidly with the effect of body image and impulse control disorders in general. Uncertainty in the pandemic process, increased stress levels adolescents In a prediction study conducted with patients with depression, the finding related to the age variable is the knowledge that emotional eating behavior increases as the age decreases. Being separated from the social environment in isolation triggers emotional eating as a factor of loneliness (İnalkaç & Arslantaş, (2021).

Another population affected by the pandemic process is the adolescent group. During this period, changes in eating behaviors were observed in adolescents, and the rate of applications with the diagnosis of anorexia eating disorder, which helps to increase the sense of control over uncertainty, has increased. In addition, anxiety about uncontrolled eating and weight gain was found to be more in girls (Cihanyurdu, İlbasmış, Aksoy, Ünver, and Rodopman, (2021).

Parents’ attitudes towards feeding their children; The consequences of their behavior, such as force-feeding or prohibiting the intake of certain foods, may put children at risk of developing an eating disorder. Especially in adolescent girls, diet is associated with processes such as weight control (Loth, MacLehose, Fulkerson, Crow, & Neumark-Sztainer, 2014).

Social Appearance Anxiety After Changing Eating Behaviors

People diagnosed with eating disorders are more sensitive to negative body image perception, negative media use, and social comparison (Yokuşoğlu, 2018). In a study conducted among university students, social appearance anxiety and negative body image were found to be higher in those at risk of eating disorders. Appearance and negative mood have a negative effect on students’ nutrition. In addition, the anxiety level of obese students was found to be high. Anxiety and mood disorders may pose a risk to eating disorders (Kartal and Aykut, 2019).

Weight gain during the pandemic may cause social appearance anxiety. Especially university students are at risk. And the adolescence processes they are in can increase their appearance anxiety. At another risk, students’ sports activities after online education from home are also restricted. The fact that changing eating habits cause weight gain increases the social anxiety level of young people. According to a study conducted among female university students, it was found that appearance concerns increased as a result of the change in eating habits during the pandemic process and related weight gain (Unver, 2021).

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