Adolescence and families

Adolescence is a time of great change for young people as well as for everyone involved in their lives. Young people have to develop their identity and independence. At the same time, they face increasing pressure to be responsible and trustworthy, even when dealing with issues such as sexuality, drug use, and peer relationships. From childhood to adulthood, development is a complex process. It’s not just about adding and understanding information. Teens going through this transition think, feel, and act differently than they did as children or adults. These differences can be seen in all developmental areas.

Physical / Sexual Development

The physical signs of puberty are obvious. During this time, male and female pubic hair begins to grow. When taller, girls grow up to 16 and boys grow to 18 as well. They start to turn 18. Men have nocturnal emissions. Girls’ breasts develop. Men’s voices deepen.
All these physical changes bring about changes in the way adolescents think and behave. It develops sexual awareness and attraction and can become sexually active. As long as they are healthy, their bodies will be stronger and more coordinated than ever, enabling them to be successful in sports.

Cognitive Development

This cognitive development does not happen all at once. In early adolescence, children often use their new basic abstract reasoning for school and home. They begin to express their own ideas about what activities they want to engage in and choose their own goals. They see short-term results, but not always long-term.

Emotional Development

During adolescence, teens look to their peers for emotional support. They begin to have more conflicts with their parents until late adolescence, when they can become closer to them. With same-sex friends, they become even closer, experience many different emotions, and become more independent from their parents.
Teenagers need privacy. They are concerned about how they look and may develop body image issues. As they reach late adolescence, they become more confident in themselves and their beliefs. He may seek sensory experiences and be easily sexually aroused. During adolescence, they begin to have better control over their emotions. Much of adolescent psychology is about teaching teens how to manage their emotions.

Talking to Teens

Talking openly with adolescents about the changes they are going through can be difficult for any parent, especially given the change in the parent-child relationship that can occur during this time. A clearer understanding of what changes and obstacles await teens at this age can help equip parents for more productive conversations. Teens are in the process of developing adult-like capacities but they are not there yet, and thoughtful guidance can go a long way. Teenagers are tough for any teenager. However, some teens have more problems than others. If your child seems to be struggling to the point of extreme emotional distress or their daily functioning is impaired, they should seek help as soon as possible. As a parent, you suffer when your children struggle too. If you want to be emotionally strong enough to provide your child with the support and guidance they need, you need to take care of your mental health. If your home is in a constant state of confusion, you’ll also need to get help for yourself.

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