Adenoid Problems in Children

Many urban legends circulate in childhood, here are the details from an expert on adenoid. Otorhinolaryngology Specialist Assoc. says.
Untreated adenoid enlargement can cause snoring, sleeping with an open mouth, deterioration of the lower-upper jaw ratio, facial asymmetry, growth retardation, hearing loss, poorly healing sinusitis attacks and treatment-resistant middle ear infections.

Adenoids, like tonsils, cannot be seen by looking at the child’s throat. Adenoid serves as a part of our body’s defense mechanism until the age of three. However, it ceases to secrete the defense cell after the age of three.
Infections and existing allergies cause the adenoid, a tissue located between the nose and throat, to grow. After consecutive infections and allergy attacks, it completely covers the nasal area.
One of the biggest problems caused by adenoid is the formation of facial asymmetry. If the child has persistent or recurrent adenoid enlargement or inflammation, adenoid removal may be necessary. Children do not get sick more often after adenoid removal; because other tissues that serve as adenoids in the body can adequately perform the same functions.

What Indicates Adenoid?
In case of enlargement of the adenoid, various symptoms can be seen. The occurrence of one or more of the following symptoms may indicate adenoid:
Difficulty breathing through the nose
Continuous mouth breathing
Nasal talk like a stuffy nose
Wheezing sound when breathing
snoring during sleep
Holding your breath for a few seconds while asleep (sleep apnea)
Anorexia and growth retardation

Is Surgery Really Necessary?
Inflamed adenoids are primarily treated with antibiotics or allergy medications. If the adenoid is not inflamed, it can be waited for a while depending on the condition of the child. Because some growth of adenoid in children is normal. Over time, the adenoid of the child may shrink on its own.
However, if the child has complaints such as breathing difficulty, sleep apnea, frequently recurring adenoid inflammation and speech disorder, and if these problems continue after the inflammation period has passed, surgery can be performed without waiting. If the complaints intensify and life risk occurs, surgery can be performed before the age of three.

What Happens During Adenoid Surgery?
It is an operation that takes about 15 minutes and is not difficult. The procedure is performed under general anesthesia by entering through the mouth. There is no need to make an incision in the skin for adenoid surgery.
What Should Be Considered After the Surgery?
In the night of the operation, children can experience a noticeable respiratory relief during sleep. In some children, relief may not be so early and obvious due to the secretions accumulating in the nasal and nasal passages; The child may continue to wheeze, snore, and mouth-breathing. It takes 1-2 weeks for the surgical site to fully heal and for the pre-operative complaints to resolve. Some children are able to continue mouth breathing as they get used to it. When parents realize this, they should remind the child to breathe through their nose.
Do Adults Have This Problem Too?
Adenoid can cause problems at a rate that reduces the quality of life in the advancing ages. Adenoid is detected in 20% of adults who apply to the hospital with the complaint of nasal congestion.

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