Acoustic Trauma

Acoustic Trauma

Acoustic trauma is a common type of hearing loss. Usually, after a blow or explosion, the air pressure changes very suddenly. This damages the sensitive bones and mechanisms of the ear. It is also seen in those who have to listen to loud machine noise and excessively loud music for a long time.

What are the Symptoms?

• Hearing loss
• Tinnitus.

How is the diagnosis made?

Hearing loss after a nearby explosion or a blow to the ear is common. Partial deafness may also be accompanied by a high-pitched tinnitus. Your doctor will determine which type of hearing loss you have by performing a series of tests.
Treatment

Hearing aids are the only effective treatment for severe trauma-induced hearing loss. Some methods may also make it easier to adapt to partial deafness; these include paying attention to facial expression and lip-reading.

Precaution

If you know that you will be working at a loud workplace, use specially made headphones. These cut more or less all noise, and microphones and receivers can be built into them so that the wearer can communicate with other people.

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