ACNE (ACNE) DISEASE What is acne?

Fluffy from the skin, caused by the activity of the sebaceous glands on the face, neck, back and trunk
These are pimples that can be inflamed from time to time. The most common dermatological
is a disease. It occurs in approximately 40% of individuals aged 12-18 years.

What causes acne to occur?

Many factors play a role in its formation. In genetically predisposed individuals, the hairs in which the oil secretion is thrown out of the skin
The thickening of the sebaceous gland duct and the stickiness of the cells there tend to clog the duct.

is an important factor. Other factors are the increase in oil secretion (sebum) during puberty in this channel.
It accumulates and forms black or white dots called comedones. In the clogging of pores
Physical factors play a role as well as genetic factors. Among the physical factors, oily creams applied,
hot weather, increased sweating, not using make-up and suitable skin cleansers. lead to acne
Among other reasons that lead to; bacteria settle in the sebum in these clogged pores and
it causes an inflammation, that is, inflammation. In acne that occurs in this way, redness and
Inflamed pimples may appear.

Is acne caused by a liver disorder?

There is no relationship between acne and liver disorder, and there is no strict relationship established between these two diseases.
The link is purely superstition.

Is there a genetic predisposition to acne?

In individuals with severe acne problems in their family, acne can be seen more intensely and acne may not be seen at all.
However, there is still a genetic predisposition.

Is there a relationship between diet and acne?

Some scientific studies have not found a direct link between acne and the foods we eat.
However, in recent studies, with foods with a high glycemic index (glycemic index
Foods that are high in sugar cause a rapid rise in blood sugar and, as a result, the pancreas is stored.
causes insulin to be delivered to the blood rapidly and the amount of insulin in the blood to increase rapidly)
indicated to be triggered. Therefore, excessive intake of such foods and unidirectional
use is not recommended. Foods with a high glycemic index; potatoes, white bread, white rice,
white sugar, processed juices, banana (ripe), watermelon, crackers, corn chips and cereal. This
Apart from this, some patients have oily seeds such as seeds, deep-fried, chocolate, high caloric value and immediately bleed.
It describes an increase in acne severity after mixed foods, these patients complain of acne.
It is beneficial to stay away from these types of foods that it thinks increase it.

Is there a link between menstrual irregularity and acne?

If acne starts at an advanced age in a female patient, although it is not in adolescence, it is accompanied by menstruation.
irregularity, difficulty in losing weight, excessive hair growth around the chin, abdomen, back and nipple

If one or more of the symptoms are present, it should be evaluated in terms of hormone disorder. This
In particular, ovarian cyst, ie polycystic ovary disease, is suspected in patients. Acne in this disease
The complaint is quite resistant and its treatment is quite different from the acne treatment used in men. General
It should not be forgotten that acne complaints may increase in most women during menstrual periods.
It is a natural process caused by hormones and is not a sign of disease. Also in pregnancy
Acne can be exacerbated by the effect of hormones.

Is it recommended to squeeze acne?

No, it is definitely not recommended to squeeze and play with acne. Acne in some types of acne only under the supervision of a doctor
lesions can be evacuated. Inflammation may spread in the tampered acne, redness may increase, as well as the risk of scarring.
increases.

How is acne treated?

There are many treatment alternatives for a very common disease such as acne. Mild acne only
While washing products and creams may be sufficient, oral pills in moderate-severe acne and hormonal acne
must use. Among these pills, the most commonly used are antibiotics, vitamin A-derived drugs and childbirth.
are control drugs, but they should be administered under the supervision and control of a doctor. Apart from that, laser
Chemical peeling and injection of drugs into the skin are among the methods used.
It should not be forgotten that each patient is different from each other and the treatment of each patient is different.

Today, there are 4 main ways to treat acne.

1) Supportive treatment: In this treatment, many cleansing cosmetological agents to clean the skin are used.
products, syndetes, rose water, soda and soaps are recommended.
2) Topical treatment: In this step, comedolytics (azelaic acid, retinoic acid, benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid)
etc.), antibiotics (tetracycline, nadifloxacin, clindamycin, sodium sulfacetamide, azithromycin) or their
combinations are recommended under the supervision of a doctor and used for a certain period of time.
3) Systemic Treatment: Cases in which the first two treatments are insufficient are treated with systemic treatments. Although this treatment is very effective, it also has various side effects.
Most of the effects disappear during or after treatment. Therefore, any kind of
You should consult your doctor following your complaint. The most important side effect
effects due to its dryness. Increases blood lipids and rarely adversely affects liver tests.
can affect. For this reason, it is usually necessary to have blood tests at certain intervals with the decision of your doctor.
will be required. The most important point when using the drug is that you do not become pregnant. of childbearing age
It is recommended that women be protected with at least two methods of contraception. Pre-treatment pregnancy test
Pregnancy test may be requested throughout the treatment. Pregnant 2 months after stopping treatment
can stay.
4) Other methods: Due to the lightening of acne after sun exposure, there are various light sources nowadays.
treatments and laser treatments have begun to be used. For this purpose, KTP (potassium titanyl phosphate)
studies on laser, 585 and 595-nm pulsed dye laser, diode laser, radiofrequency and phototherapy
exists. The efficacy of these treatments is different and controversial, and their costs are high. especially acne
Ablative (peeling off the skin) and nonablative lasers have been successfully used in the treatment of scars.

is implemented.
5) Combined therapy: Various combinations of the treatments mentioned in the first four items are prescribed by the physician.
can be recommended.

Is there a relationship between the sun and acne?

Sun rays can alleviate acne. Ultraviolet is effective by suppressing inflammation. However
Oil-free sunscreen products suitable for the skin type should be preferred and should not be exposed to direct sunlight.

Is it okay if acne is not treated?

Because acne is chronic, causes psychological stress, and can leave permanent scars if left untreated.
It is a disease that needs to be treated. The presence of different accompanying diseases, some drugs
It is caused by many reasons such as the fact that it creates a problem and many inappropriate products on the market are tried in the treatment of acne.
Therefore, it must be done by a doctor, preferably (especially in severe cases) by a dermatologist.
It is a disease that must be treated. Patients who do not apply for treatment usually
Those who lose their belief that it will go away or who do not see acne as a disease and think that it will pass without treatment
are persons. Therefore, it is seen in adolescence, when body and self anxiety is high, that patients
should know that this disease, which also affects the psychology of the patient, is a treatable disease and consult a dermatologist.
should seek appropriate treatment. In addition, for the treatments given to be effective, at least 2-3
week should be expected. Therefore, the most important point in treatment; to be patient, to be in harmony with the doctor,
to comply with the recommendations given. Compliance of the patient is an important factor in this disease, which has many treatment options.
will facilitate the achievement of the desired result.

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