What is acne?

Acne is a skin problem caused by the clogging of hair follicles and oil-producing glands under the skin, causing acne. If your skin is too oily, dead skin cells can clog the ducts of the sebaceous glands and cause white or blackheads. As a result of this blockage, bacteria on the skin are trapped in the pore. This causes acne breakouts to appear as inflamed. It is most commonly seen on the face, but can also appear on the trunk, upper back, forehead, and shoulders.

What causes acne?

Bacteria are trapped inside the oil channels that are clogged with dead skin cells. Bacteria begin to multiply very quickly in this environment. As a result of this proliferation, inflammation occurs. Acne can have multiple causes.

  • Activity of androgenic hormones (especially in adolescents)

  • Too oily skin

  • Clogged pores as a result of oil and dead cells

  • squeezing pimples

  • Irritation

  • Pollution (leads to increased bacterial density)

  • some drugs

  • Cigaret

  • Fatty diet

What are the risk factors for acne?

  • Age: Acne can be seen in all age groups, but the risk is increased in adolescents due to the activation of androgenic hormones.

  • hormonal changes: The menstrual cycle in women, variable hormone activity in puberty and some medications are risk factors for acne.

  • family history : Just like in psoriasis and eczema, genetics is an important factor. If a person’s parents have acne problems, the person is prone to have acne problems.

  • Irritation : Various accessories such as head coverings, masks, glasses, scarves, scarves may cause irritation in the area where they are used and may pave the way for bacterial growth. Especially people with psoriasis or eczema should be very careful in this regard.

  • Stress: As a result of the researches, it has been seen that stress does not directly cause acne. But if you have an acne problem, stress will make it worse.

Are there different types of acne?

Acne is a general term used for all types of acne, although it is not exactly correct. It is important to learn which type of acne it is. Acne is divided into inflammatory and non-inflammatory.

  • non-inflammatory acne : Black and white dots can be called non-inflammatory acne. They do not normally cause surface swelling. Black and white dots are basically caused by the occlusion of the oil channels with dead cells. However, while blackheads open to the outer surface, whiteheads are covered with a thin layer of skin.

  • Inflamed acnes : They are seen as red and swollen around. A bacterial infection is seen with dead skin and oil accumulation. Bacteria can clog pores or infect clogged pores. They cause acne that is difficult to get rid of and causes severe pain.

What are the symptoms of acne?

Acne symptoms vary according to your age, presence of risk factors and skin texture.

  • Pimples with white tip and yellowish pus-filled

  • black spots

  • Small, red, tender spots

  • Painful, solid, large lesions below the skin surface

Is acne hereditary?

Since the factors necessary for the development of acne are genetically passed from parents to children, it can be said that it is hereditary. However, just like psoriasis, genetics cannot be blamed. If the person’s parents have it, the incidence has increased in the person.

Is acne contagious?

No, acne is not contagious. There is already some amount of acne-causing bacteria on the skin of every person. It is not possible to pass acne from person to person unless the risk factors required for acne formation are found.

What should people with acne pay attention to?

  • There are several precautions that can be taken at home for acne.

  • Cleanse your skin daily with a mild, unscented soap.

  • Wash your hair regularly with shampoo.

  • Try to use as little make-up as possible. If you are going to do it, use water-based products.

  • Do not squeeze your pimples. This leads to the spread of bacteria and can cause your acne to increase.

  • Try not to touch your face when your hands are dirty.

  • Do not wear tight hats or bandanas.

  • It has been observed that psoriasis sores occur after facial acne in some young girls. Therefore, acne is an important disease that needs to be treated.

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