Psychiatry is a branch of medicine and its target organ is the brain. Changes in cognitive functions (consciousness, attention, perception, memory, judgment, intelligence, etc.), thought, emotion, behavior, and psychophysiological (sleep, appetite, sexual function, etc.) Psychiatry studies psychopathology. The diagnosis, treatment and treatment of psychiatric diseases is his main area of interest.
Information on Psychiatric Treatments; Different methods are used in the treatment of psychiatric diseases. These methods may vary according to the characteristics of the diseases. Those applied directly to the body; psychotropic drugs, transcranial magnetic stimulation therapy (TMS), electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), etc. Psychotherapies, on the other hand, are defined as methods that deal with the emotions, thoughts and behavior characteristics of individuals or the variables in their relationships. Specialists with medical training, namely psychiatrists, apply these methods.
Information About Psychiatric Treatments
The main purpose is to determine the appropriate treatment and applications.
Psychiatric treatment is carried out separately as two separate approaches as medication and psychotherapy. However, in case of need, both medication and therapy can be carried out together. The combination of both enhances the effect of the treatment.
Although the effects of drugs used in psychiatric diseases vary from person to person, they occur in an average of 4-6 weeks. Before this period, it cannot be said whether the drug is effective or not. In some cases (intense anxiety, insomnia, etc.) it may be necessary to make this period more comfortable. In these cases, the treatment can be supported with some additional drugs until the effectiveness of the drug begins.
Psychiatric complaints may increase at the beginning of treatment with the drug. Different symptoms can be observed. Medicines can cause some side effects. Most of these side effects go away in 1-2 weeks. Do not stop or reduce the medication when side effects occur. When you encounter such a situation, it will be sufficient to inform your psychiatrist.
Drugs used in psychiatry are not addictive. There are some exceptions to this. These exceptional drugs can also cause addiction only in susceptible individuals. Your psychiatrist will evaluate your susceptibility to addiction when recommending these drugs.
Do not stop the medication you are using without consulting your psychiatrist. Psychiatric drugs are not left out haphazardly. Some withdrawal symptoms can be seen during the drug withdrawal phase. This situation can sometimes lead to the recurrence of the disease and sometimes to the thoughts of “I am addicted to the drug, I cannot quit”. There are some rules for reducing and discontinuing drugs used in the treatment of psychiatric diseases. Discontinuing or reducing the medication may increase discomfort. It may increase the risk of your medication or cause you to think differently about drugs.
psychiatric drug therapy
Finding the appropriate drug in mental disorders is essential.
The basic principle of drug use in psychiatric diseases is to use “the lowest dose of drug that is beneficial”. In order for you to provide this basic principle, that is, to use the lowest dose that you benefit from, you should maintain regular meetings with your psychiatrist. Regular follow-up is required for necessary medication adjustments.
Do not cut off communication with your psychiatrist. Never wait to get worse to see a psychiatrist. If you wait for it to worsen, you may cause the psychiatric illness to progress and recur. This situation will complicate the treatment and may lead to the use of larger amounts of drugs for a longer period of time. You should continue regular check-ups so that your psychiatrist can see clues about the exacerbation of the disease that you or those around you may not notice.
Ignoring the simple symptoms of psychiatric illness because they will “go away” or postponing them “if it gets worse, I will go to the doctor” makes the problems chronic and reduces the possibility of treatment. Keep in mind that insidious onset and insidious conditions are more difficult to treat than severe cases.
Psychotherapy will help shorten the duration of the illness and prevent its recurrence later. It will also increase your ability to cope with the disease. In other words, it will contribute to your development in becoming your own therapist.
Note that Psychiatric Disorders are not usually associated with “major problems” or “extraordinary experiences”. Therefore, it is not necessary to “experience extraordinary effort and magical behavior” in its solution. Any problem that bothers you a little but doesn’t help you tell your doctor because you find it unimportant can be both the root cause and the solution to your illness.
Do not forget that it will be very helpful for you to tell your psychiatrist everything about your Psychiatric Disorder “without hesitation or hiding”.