The age at which the query age reaches its peak. Trying to get to know his/her environment better, wondering and learning new concepts (sexuality), 4-year-olds use the endless words “how, why, why”. While waiting for answers to their questions, it is best to give short, uncomplicated answers that they can easily understand. Since we need to answer these questions that may come suddenly, it is always necessary to be prepared for possible questions.
WHEN WE EVALUATE THEIR SOCIAL-EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS
*A 4-year-old child, whose self-confidence begins to increase, now begins to show independent behaviors.
* He wants to show his family and people that he can do something on his own and to make his own choices.
*Begins to understand the rules.
* Confrontation is the most distinctive feature of this age.
*Although he cannot empathize yet, he gradually begins to understand the feelings of others.
* Asks a lot of questions, expects an answer from you.
*Now he plays more and longer.
* Enjoys playing with peers.
*Details are increasing in the games.
*Now he starts to play dramatic plays, he can act in his plays.
* Shares more than other ages.
*Begins to learn to wait in line.
* They may have fears of being alone and dark.
*The concepts of true/false are not fully settled yet.
* Girls tend to be more fond of fathers and boys more fond of mothers.
* The fantasy world is very active. Although he begins to distinguish between reality and fantasy, he can sometimes confuse it.
*May have imaginary friends.
*Tries to understand gender differences. Asks questions about the topic.
*May not detect the danger yet.
They may lie from time to time.
WHEN WE EVALUATE THEIR COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENTS
* The concept of time begins to settle gradually.
*Knows the concepts of big / small.
*Knows the concepts of same/different.
*Knows the main colors.
*Can describe recent events.
* May notice similarities and differences.
*Can follow the instructions (3-4) given to him in order.
* Their attention span is short.
WHEN WE EVALUATE IT IN TERMS OF LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT
* Speech is expected to be clear and understandable.
* It is expected that childish expressions will gradually decrease in his speech.
*They may not be able to pronounce some letters correctly. (like s,r)
*Can use pronouns appropriately.
* He often uses the questions “why, why, how” in his speeches.
*Because can connect two sentences.
*Can tell short stories.
*Can sing children’s songs by heart.
WHEN EVALUATED IN TERMS OF PSYCO-MOTOR DEVELOPMENT
* Calmness has been replaced by activity.
* Develops coordination and balance.
*Can throw objects to the target.
*Can move along with music.
*Runs, jumps (10cm), jumps.
*Can perform activities that require small muscle development. (cutting, tearing, sticking, squeezing)
*Can string beads on string.
WHEN WE EVALUATE IT IN TERMS OF SELF-CARE SKILLS
*As they begin to realize their sexuality, they can examine their sexual regions.
* Curiosity about the body of the opposite sex is quite high.
* They are expected to have acquired the toilet habit.
*While they can meet their toilet needs without assistance, they may also need help from time to time.
* They are expected to be able to control their toilets at night.
*Can eat by himself.
*Can wear his clothes.
*May need help buttoning up.
*Can brush teeth unaided.
* It is important that the child can sleep in his own room.
* A sense of privacy begins to form. It is important for the child not to see his parents naked.
At this age when sexual identity is formed, children try to identify with their gender.
*If the choice of clothes and toys is suitable for their gender, we will help them in this period when they are trying to create the concept of gender.